Ti6Al4V Powder Titanium Based Metal Powder for Additive Manufacturing

Ti6Al4V powder for 3D printing price list :

Metal PowderSizeQuantityPrice/kgSizeQuantityPrice/kg
TiAl6V4 gr.2320-63μm1KG1380-45μm1KG144
10KG10910KG124
100KG105100KG117

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Table of Contents

Overview of Ti6Al4V Powder

Ti6Al4V powder, also referred to as Grade 5 titanium alloy, is one of the most popular titanium alloy powders. It contains 6% aluminum and 4% vanadium as the key alloying elements along with the remainder titanium.

Spherical powder ti6al4v offers an exceptional combination of high strength, low weight, corrosion resistance, biocompatibility, and workability.

Key properties and advantages of Ti6Al4V powder:

Ti6Al4V Powder Properties and Characteristics

PropertiesDetails
CompositionTi-6Al-4V alloy
Density4.43 g/cc
Particle shapePredominantly spherical
Size range15-45 microns
Apparent densityUp to 60% of true density
FlowabilityGood
StrengthHigh for a titanium alloy
Corrosion resistanceExcellent

Ti6Al4V is widely used across aerospace, medical, automotive, chemical, and consumer industries owing to its well-balanced property profile.

Ti6Al4V Powder Composition

Typical composition of Ti6Al4V powder:

Ti6Al4V Powder Composition

ElementWeight %
TitaniumBalance
Aluminum5.5-6.75%
Vanadium3.5-4.5%
Oxygen<0.2%
Carbon<0.1%
Nitrogen<0.05%
Hydrogen<0.015%
Iron<0.3%
  • Titanium forms the matrix providing strength and corrosion resistance
  • Aluminum stabilizes alpha phase and increases strength
  • Vanadium stabilizes beta phase and improves workability
  • Other elements limited as impurities

The optimized Ti-Al-V ratios provide an exceptional combination of strength, ductility, fracture toughness, and fatigue strength.

Ti6Al4V powder

Ti6Al4V Powder Physical Properties

Ti6Al4V Powder Physical Properties

PropertyValues
Density4.43 g/cc
Melting point1604-1660°C
Thermal conductivity6.7 W/mK
Electrical resistivity170 μΩ-cm
Coefficient of thermal expansion8.4 x 10^-6 /K
Maximum service temperature400°C
  • Low density compared to steels
  • High melting point enables use at moderately elevated temperatures
  • Low thermal conductivity requires design considerations
  • High electrical resistivity suitable for corrosion resistant fasteners
  • CTE lower than steels and nickel alloys

These properties make Ti6Al4V well suited for many lightweight structural applications across industries.

Ti6Al4V Powder Mechanical Properties

Ti6Al4V Powder Mechanical Properties

PropertyValues
Tensile strength950 – 1050 MPa
Yield strength860 – 950 MPa
Elongation10 – 18%
Hardness330 – 380 HB
Modulus of elasticity110 – 120 GPa
Fatigue strength400 – 500 MPa
  • Excellent combination of high strength and reasonable ductility
  • Strength exceeds other titanium grades like commercially pure titanium
  • Hardness higher than unalloyed titanium
  • Outstanding fatigue life makes it suitable for cyclic loading applications

The properties make Ti6Al4V suitable for demanding applications requiring high specific strength and fatigue resistance.

Ti6Al4V Powder Applications

3d printing metal powder application

 

Ti6Al4V powder is used widely across industries:

Ti6Al4V Powder Applications

IndustryUses
AerospaceStructural airframe parts, engine components
BiomedicalOrthopedic and dental implants
AutomotiveConnecting rods, valves, springs
ChemicalTanks, vessels, heat exchangers
ConsumerSporting goods, watch cases, cellphone bodies
3D PrintingAerospace and medical components

Some specific product applications include:

  • Bone plates, joint replacement implants
  • Airplane and helicopter structural components
  • Automotive engine valves and connecting rods
  • Chemical equipment like pipes, pumps, valves
  • Sporting goods including golf clubs and bicycle frames
  • Additive manufacturing of lightweight structures

Ti6Al4V provides the best strength-to-weight ratio and biocompatibility for critical structural parts across these demanding sectors.

Ti6Al4V Powder Specifications

Key specifications and standards for Ti6Al4V powder:

Ti6Al4V Powder Standards

StandardDescription
ASTM F2924Additive manufacturing Ti6Al4V alloy
ASTM F3001Specs for gas atomized Ti alloy powder for AM
AMS 4954Composition limits of Ti-6Al-4V powder for additive manufacturing
ASTM B348Specs for Ti and Ti alloy powders
ASTM F1472Wrought Ti6Al4V alloy for surgical implants

These define:

  • Chemical composition ranges
  • Required mechanical properties
  • Powder production method – inert gas atomization
  • Impurity limits like O, N, C, Fe
  • Particle size distribution and morphology
  • Testing methods to verify powder quality

Certified Ti6Al4V powder meeting these specifications ensures optimal properties and performance for different applications across industries.

Ti6Al4V Powder Particle Sizes

Ti6Al4V Powder Particle Size Distribution

Particle SizeCharacteristics
15-45 micronsGeneral purpose size range
45-100 micronsOptimized for cold spraying
5-25 micronsFiner sizes used in laser AM processes
  • Finer powder provides higher resolution and surface finish
  • Coarser powder suits high deposition rate methods like cold spraying
  • Size range tailored based on production method used
  • Spherical morphology maintained across size ranges

Controlling particle size distribution and morphology is critical for high powder packing density, flowability, and final part properties.

Ti6Al4V Powder Apparent Density

Ti6Al4V Powder Apparent Density

Apparent DensityDetails
Up to 60% of true densityFor spherical powder morphology
2.6 – 3.0 g/ccImproves with greater packing density
  • Higher apparent density improves powder flowability and die filling efficiency
  • Values up to 65% are possible with optimized spherical powder
  • High apparent density minimizes press cycle time

Maximizing apparent density allows efficient automated powder pressing and sintering to full density.

Ti6Al4V Powder Production Method

Ti6Al4V Powder Production

 

VIGA equipment

 

MethodDetails
Gas atomizationHigh pressure inert gas breaks up molten alloy stream into fine droplets
Vacuum arc meltingHigh purity input materials refined and melted in vacuum
Multiple remeltsImproves chemical homogeneity
SievingClassifies powder into different particle size fractions
  • Gas atomization with inert gas produces clean, spherical powder
  • Vacuum processing minimizes gaseous impurities
  • Multiple remelts improve uniformity of composition
  • Post-processing allows particle size distribution control

Automated methods combined with stringent quality control result in reliable and consistent Ti6Al4V powder suitable for critical applications.

Ti6Al4V Powder Pricing

Ti6Al4V Powder Pricing

FactorImpact on Price
Purity gradePrice increases for higher purity
Particle sizeUltrafine powder more expensive
Order quantityPrice reduces for bulk orders
Production methodUse of multiple remelts increases cost
PackagingArgon filled cylinders cost more
Lead timeFaster delivery times increase price

Indicative Pricing

  • Ti6Al4V for medical applications: $150-250 per kg
  • Ti6Al4V for industrial applications: $100-150 per kg

Significantly lower pricing applicable for bulk order quantities in the tons range.

Met3DP Ti6Al4V Powder Price:

Metal PowderSizeQuantityPrice/kgSizeQuantityPrice/kg
TiAl6V4 gr.2320-63μm1KG1380-45μm1KG144
10KG10910KG124
100KG105100KG117

Ti6Al4V Powder Suppliers

Ti6Al4V Powder Suppliers

CompanyLocation
AP&CUSA, Canada
Carpenter AdditiveUSA
Met3DPChina
TLS TechnikGermany
Sandvik OspreyUK
TeknaCanada

Key selection factors:

  • Range of purity grades and particle sizes offered
  • Powder quality and consistency from batch to batch
  • Production capacity and lead times
  • Compliance with medical and aerospace standards
  • Pricing levels based on order volume
  • Technical expertise and customer support

Ti6Al4V Powder Handling and Storage

Ti6Al4V Powder Handling

RecommendationReason
Avoid inhalationDue to risk of lung tissue damage from fine particles
Use protective maskPrevent accidental ingestion
Handle in ventilated areasReduce airborne particle suspension
Ensure no ignition sourcesPowder can combust in oxygen atmosphere
Follow anti-static protocolsPrevent fire from static discharge while handling
Store sealed containers in cool, dry areaPrevent moisture pickup and reactivity

Although Ti6Al4V powder is relatively inert, recommended precautions should be taken during handling and storage to preserve purity.

Ti6Al4V Powder Inspection and Testing

Ti6Al4V Powder Testing

TestDetails
Chemical analysisICP spectroscopy used to verify composition
Particle size distributionLaser diffraction used to determine size distribution
Apparent densityMeasured using Hall flowmeter as per ASTM B212
Powder morphologySEM imaging to check particle sphericity
Flow rate analysisUsing Hall flowmeter funnel
Tap density testDensity measured after mechanically tapping powder sample

Testing ensures the powder meets the required chemical composition, physical characteristics, morphology, density, and flow specifications per applicable standards.

Ti6Al4V Powder Pros and Cons

Advantages of Ti6Al4V Powder

  • Excellent strength-to-weight ratio
  • High fatigue strength and fracture toughness
  • Outstanding corrosion resistance
  • Good ductility and formability
  • High biocompatibility for medical uses
  • Cost-effective compared to other titanium alloys

Limitations of Ti6Al4V Powder

  • Moderate high temperature oxidation resistance
  • Lower strength than some titanium alloys
  • High reactivity requires inert processing atmosphere
  • Difficult to machine in fully sintered state
  • Limitations in welding the alloy
  • Toxicity concerns about vanadium element

Comparison With Ti64 and Ti Grade 2 Powders

Ti6Al4V vs. Ti64 and Grade 2 Powder

ParameterTi6Al4VTi64Ti Grade 2
Aluminum6%6%
Vanadium4%4%
Strength950-1050 MPa950-1050 MPa420-550 MPa
Ductility10-18%10-18%15-30%
CostModerateModerateLow
UsesAerospace, medicalAerospace, automotiveIndustrial, consumer
  • Ti6Al4V and Ti64 have virtually identical properties
  • Grade 2 Ti provides better ductility but lower strength
  • Ti6Al4V preferred for critical structural parts needing high strength

Ti6Al4V Powder FAQs

Q: What are the main applications of Ti6Al4V powder?

A: The main applications include aerospace structural components, biomedical implants like hip and knee joints, automotive parts like valves and connecting rods, chemical process equipment, and consumer products like sports equipment and watch cases.

Q: Why is Ti6Al4V the most popular titanium alloy?

A: Ti6Al4V provides the best all-round combination of high strength, low density, fracture toughness, corrosion resistance, bio-compatibility, weldability, and moderate cost.

Q: What precautions should be taken when working with Ti6Al4V powder?

A: Recommended precautions include using protective gear, handling in inert atmosphere, avoiding ignition sources, controlling static charges, using non-sparking tools, and storing sealed containers in a cool, dry place.

Q: How does vanadium affect the properties of Ti6Al4V alloy?

A: Vanadium acts as a beta stabilizer which improves workability. It also contributes to precipitation hardening which imparts strength and high temperature creep resistance to the alloy.

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